CBD was first discovered in the 1940s by Roger Adams, a chemistry professor at the University of Illinois. Adams separated the CBD oil from the hemp itself to study its properties and found it had many benefits.
In the 60s, an Israeli chemist, Raphael Mechoulam took the research, further synthesizing cannabinoids — including CBD, THC and others — and describing their chemical structures for future research. Further research continued and finally, the first CBD oil meant for therapeutic use was released by the British Pharmacopoeia.
Today, there are really two simple distinctions:
Hemp – A non-psychoactive plant primarily for use in clothing, paper, biofuels, bioplastics, dietary supplements, cosmetics and personal care products, and foods. Hemp is cultivated outdoors as a large crop with both male and female plants being present to foster pollination and increase seed production.
Marijuana – Cannabis sativa specifically cultivated to enhance its THC content to be used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Marijuana plants are typically grown indoors, under controlled conditions, and growers remove all the male plants from the crop to prevent fertilization since fertilization lowers the plant’s THC level.
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